School Justice Partnership: National Resource Center

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Keeping Kids in School and Out of Court
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School Justice Partnership Resources

The School-Justice Partnership Library contains the latest resources and materials available on school-justice issues, including articles, reports, models, policy, research, tools and webinars.

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Unintended Consequences

Resources and information on the unintended consequences of school referrals to the juvenile justice system and school pushout, including resources on how to address or alleviate the consequences.

Topical Newsletters

The School-Justice Partnership Project newsletter contains up-to-date information relating to school discipline issues, law enforcement in schools, trauma, youth mental and behavioral health issues, and the intersection of schools and the juvenile justice system. Each issue will feature resources that are relevant to the myriad issues facing communities, and tips for enhancing collaboration within jurisdictions. To subscribe to the newsletter, click here.

IEPs and 504 Plans
School Climate

Homeless and Youth in Foster Care
Family Engagement
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Students
Tribes and Native American Youth
Trauma-Informed Classrooms
Restorative Justice
Memorandums of Understanding (MOU)
Disproportionate Minority Contact
The Achievement Gap
School Engagement and Connectedness
Chronic Absenteeism and Truancy
What are School-Based Arrests and Referrals?

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Featured Library Resources

Trauma-Informed Classrooms

Trauma-Informed Classes

The impact of students’ life experiences on their behavior has garnered increasing attention as schools strive to develop more supportive academic environments that address the needs of at-risk youth and facilitate continued academic engagement. Few events outside the classroom have as profound an impact on multiple domains of student development as traumatic life experiences.

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Collecting Data and Sharing Information to Improve School-Justice Partnerships

Juvenile courts nationwide handle cases referred by schools for truancy or behavioral incidents. Since 2012, the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) have trained jurisdictions on strategies and policies to reduce the number of referrals to the juvenile justice system for school-based behaviors.

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The Intersection of Juvenile Courts and Exclusionary School Discipline

Prior to the passage of the Gun Free Zone Act of 1994 (GFZA), school administrators and educators were largely responsible for addressing student misbehavior in schools. However, since the implementation of GFZA, an increasing number of school-related issues have instead come before the juvenile courts due to highly punitive school policies and practices.

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Disrupting School-Justice Pathways for Youth with Behavioral Health Needs

Throughout the 1990s, the rise of zero-tolerance school discipline policies resulted in the widespread adoption of strict and mandatory responses for a large range of misbehavior in school. An unintended consequence of these policies and practices were youth with behavioral health needs put at an increased risk for exclusionary discipline and school-based arrests.

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Developing a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for School-Justice Partnerships: Technical Assistance Tools

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) is a critical document in establishing coordinated efforts in a school-justice partnership. An MOU is a multilateral agreement among multiple parties intended to express a common vision and line of action. MOUs in school-justice partnerships represent a collective commitment among schools, courts, and other relevant agencies, to adhere to specific principles and share responsibilities for the collaborative’s engagements.

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Judicially-led Responses to the School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System Project: An Overview of the Lessons Learn

The zero tolerance policies that were adopted by many local and state education agencies in the 1990s had the unintended effect of unnecessarily introducing low-risk youth to the juvenile justice system for disruptive behaviors that are very typical of adolescence. Despite overall decreases in juvenile delinquency referrals nationally, including arrests of juveniles for violent offenses, the proportion of referrals for non-violent acts and relatively minor misdeeds that derive from school-related incidents has remained high in many jurisdictions.

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School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System Project: A Practice Guide

The NCJFCJ has published this guide as part of a larger project addressing school discipline referrals to the juvenile justice system. The project aims to reduce the number of referrals to the juvenile justice system for school based behaviors through the establishment and collaboration of judicially led court/school partnerships. The practice guide is intended to provide the multi-system collaborative in each of the 16 demonstration sites with thorough and thoughtful guidance on implementing judicially led collaborations to address "school pathways to the juvenile justice system."

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School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System: The Context for a Practice Guide for Courts and Schools

The NCJFCJ has published a Technical Assistance Bulletin on the School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System: A Context for a Practice Guide for Courts and Schools as part of a larger project addressing school discipline referrals to the juvenile justice system. The project aims to reduce the number of referrals to the juvenile justice system for school based behaviors through the establishment and collaboration of judicially led court/school partnerships. The bulletin was published to provide a context for courts and schools regarding the need to reduce the number of referrals to the courts, along with a history and impact of zero tolerance policies.

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 National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)

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