School Justice Partnership: National Resource Center

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Article

Resource Type: Article

Excerpt: Cops in schools: It's a contentious issue in contemporary American society. School administrators and law-enforcement partners are concerned about it. But other partners—including teachers, counselors, other school staff members, and parents— ...

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A Trauma Primer for Juvenile Probation and Juvenile Detention Staff

Juvenile justice probation and detention workers play an important role in helping system-involved youth and families navigate justice and social service systems; achieving goals of accountability, competency, and community safety; and promoting safety, s ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Article explores areas of improvement so that juvenile offenders are not subsequently punished by other systems they encounter. The informed defense attorney is in an ideal position to ensure that clients are not subjected to unwarranted collateral conseq ...

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OrganizationNational Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL...
Journal or PublicationThe Champion

Educators, mental health professionals and other community leaders are about to conclude a year of education on how to make Hancock County more sensitive to the needs of people who have suffered trauma. But, they say, the work is just beginning. The Ha ...

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Journal or PublicationThe Courier
Advancing Trauma-Informed Systems for Children

Childhood trauma exposure is a significant public health concern. Children are exposed to potentially traumatic events at alarming rates and the negative effects of untreated traumatic stress can last a lifetime. By the age of 17, more than 71% of all chi ...

Resource Type
OrganizationChild Health and Development Institute of Connecticut
Journal or PublicationIMPACT
An assessment of the 8/25/15 SFUSD update on Safe and Supportive Schools Resolution implementation

On August 25th, 2015 at the SFUSD Board of Education (BOE) meeting, Kevin Truitt, Chief of Student, Family & Community Support, along with Thomas Graven, Executive Director, and a number of other staff from the department, walked BOE commissioners and par ...

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OrganizationColeman Advocates for Children & Youth
Are our children being pushed into prison?

Infographic

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Resource Type
OrganizationCommunity Coalition
Are We Closing The School Discipline Gap?

The main body of this report documents gross disparities in the use of out-of-school suspension experienced by students with disabilities and those from historically disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and gender subgroups. The egregious disparities revealed in ...

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OrganizationThe Center for Civil Rights Remedies at The Civil Right...
Journal or PublicationPublication
Arrested Futures: The Criminalization of School Discipline in Massachusetts’ Three Largest School Districts

On October 23, 2007, a 14-year-old boy at the Kennedy Middle School in Springfield, Massachusetts, was arrested after he refused to walk with a teacher to her office and instead returned to his classroom. According to the police report, he yelled at the t ...

Resource Type
OrganizationAmerican Civil Liberties Union and Citizens for Juvenil...
Best Practices in School Mental Health

Prevalence rates of mental illness among U.S. children and adolescents continue to show that American youth are facing a mental health crisis. Among all children, about 1 in 5 youth have a diagnosable and treatable psychiatric disorder, yet only a quarter ...

Resource Type
OrganizationChild Health and Developmental Institute of Connecticut...
Beyond Zero Tolerance

Discipline and Policing in Pennsylvania Public Schools “Zero tolerance” describes a policy that “assigns explicit, predetermined punishments to specific violations of school rules, regardless of the situation or context of the behavior.” The original r ...

Resource Type
OrganizationAmerican Civil Liberties Union

Girls of color face much harsher school discipline than their white peers but are excluded from current efforts to address the school-to-prison pipeline, according to a new report issued today by the African American Policy Forum and Columbia Law School’s ...

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OrganizationAfrican American Policy Forum

The Council of State Governments (CSG) released a groundbreaking report, Breaking Schools’ Rules, in 2011, which documented the negative impacts that suspension or expulsion from Texas public schools have on students. The CSG report revealed a large “huma ...

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OrganizationTexas Appleseed

Lawmakers have set aside $10 million in one-time funds to be used during the next three years to train teachers and administrators across the state on how to use more positive approaches to disciplining students.

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Journal or PublicationEdSource

The “school to prison pipeline” is a phenomenon that has occurred over the last few decades as school systems have increasingly relied upon zero tolerance policies and law enforcement to manage discipline in schools, resulting in rising incidents of suspe ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationThe National Association of Social Workers
Journal or PublicationPractice Perspectives

Article explores the background and practical operation of the One Strike policy; how it affects the processing of children in juvenile delinquency cases; and suggests legislative, agency, and criminal justice reforms to ameliorate the problem.

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Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change
Can Police Officers Be Effective Mentors for At-Risk Youth?

Two years ago, Houston, Texas, Assistant Chief of Police Brian Lumpkin was assigned by Chief of Police Charles McClelland to increase and improve programming for the citizens of Houston. A federal funding opportunity through the Community Oriented Policin ...

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OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police
Journal or PublicationThe Police Chief: The Professional Voice of Law Enforce...
Complex Trauma in Children and Adolescents

The term complex trauma describes the dual problem of children’s exposure to traumatic events and the impact of this exposure on immediate and long-term outcomes. Complex traumatic exposure refers to children’s experiences of multiple traumatic events th ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Excerpt: Communities of color have a long-standing history of inequitable treatment by the police in the U.S. In recent years, activists with the Black Lives Matter movement have helped to raise the profile of the destructive treatment of the black comm ...

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OrganizationNational Juvenile Justice Network
Journal or PublicationPublication

Article focuses on problem solving at the tail end of the school-to-prison pipeline, once youth have been adjudicated delinquent.

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Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change

Exert from article: Ending the summer and beginning a new school year is a source of both excitement and anxiety for most children. But amidst the thrill of choosing special school supplies, finding a distinctive backpack, and shopping for new clothes ...

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OrganizationNational Council for Adoption
Journal or PublicationAdoption Advocate

In the past decade, there has been a growing convergence between schools and legal systems. The school to prison pipeline refers to this growing pattern of tracking students out of educational institutions, primarily via “zero tolerance” policies, and , d ...

Resource Type
OrganizationSt. Catherine University

Article examines the consequences of apprehension for immigrant youth, who are under 18 and taken into ICE custody after coming into contact with state or local law enforcement.

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Resource Type
Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change
Dignity Denied: The Effect of "Zero Tolerance" Policies on Students' Human RIghts

This report examines how the involvement of the criminal justice system in school discipline policies and practices causes deprivations of human rights for children in four key areas: the right to be free from discrimination, the right to education, the r ...

Resource Type
OrganizationACLU
Disrupting School-Justice Pathways for Youth with Behavioral Health Needs

Throughout the 1990s, the rise of zero-tolerance school discipline policies resulted in the widespread adoption of strict and mandatory responses for a large range of misbehavior in school. An unintended consequence of these policies and practices were yo ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice ...
Journal or PublicationPublication

In the past decade, there has been a growing convergence between schools and legal systems. The school to prison pipeline refers to this growing pattern of tracking students out of educational institutions, primarily via ―zero tolerance‖ policies, and , d ...

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Journal or PublicationForum on Public Policy

Fueled by increasingly punitive approaches to student behavior such as “zero tolerance policies,” the past 20 years have seen an expansion in the presence of law enforcement, including school resource officers (SROs), in schools. According to the U.S. Dep ...

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OrganizationJustice Policy Institute

Discipline in schools, when appropriately used, can help to create structure and establish rules for a well-functioning classroom and school. All students should feel safe, and have a positive environment in which to learn. The underlying empirical data s ...

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OrganizationCLASP
Ending the Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track - Clayton Courty, GA

Mission Judge Steven Teske, a juvenile court judge in Clayton County, Ga, began to observe and learn that referrals to law enforcement skyrocketed as soon as school resource officers were stationed at local schools. In fact, in the mid to late nineties ...

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OrganizationEnding the Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track

Article thoroughly informs lawyers representing youth about several important consequences of juvenile delinquency adjudications.

Resource Type
OrganizationRichmond School of Law
Journal or PublicationLaw Faculty Publications

"Bridgeport School Arrests, Suspensions Down” declared a July 2015 headline in the Connecticut Post.1 Communities across the United States are seeing similar results as they try to decrease “school exclusion” discipline methods such as school-based arrest ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police
Journal or PublicationPublication

Exert: "Imagine a world where no child has experienced a traumatic event. In this world, students experience behavioral and emotional security, teachers manage classrooms free from the toll that trauma takes on their students, and society is free fro ...

Resource Type
OrganizationKirwan Institute

In the wake of the tragic shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, communities, advocates, and policymakers across the country are proposing and already implementing different ways to address gun violence in our society—such as passing new gun control me ...

Resource Type
OrganizationAmerican Bar Association (ABA)
Journal or PublicationSection of Litigation Children's Rights Litigation

The federal guidance released in January by the U.S. Departments of Justice and Education on school discipline policies was necessary to advise school districts of their responsibilities under the Civil Rights Act to protect children from discrimination. ...

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Journal or PublicationEducation Week Teacher

This report examines available mental health services in school settings in Connecticut and summarizes the benefits and challenges of expanding these services to meet the current need. It also offers a framework to guide policy development and systems ref ...

Resource Type
OrganizationChild Health and Developmental Institute of Connecticut...
Journal or PublicationIMPACT

Last week, Attorney General Eric Holder and Education Secretary Arne Duncan issued the first ever national guidelines for school discipline in public schools, in an effort to keep more students in class and reduce racial disparities in punishment. The fed ...

Resource Type
OrganizationChild Health and Developmental Institute of Connecticut...

Article explores the role of defense attorneys in communicating collateral consequences of adjudications to juveniles prior to entering plea agreements.

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Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change

Professor Janet Wettach addresses some major issues regarding collateral consequences following juvenile adjudication. She also exhorts scholars, lawyers, and policy-makers to educate themselves on the matter and to commit themselves to do their part.

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Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change

The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Fall 2015

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) - Journal of School Safety (Fall 2016).

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Spring 2014

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Spring 2015

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Spring 2016

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Summer 2014

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Summer 2015

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Summer 2016

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) Journal of School Safety - Winter 2015

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationSchool Safety

Steve Teske doesn’t hold back. He’s a Southern judge, with the boom and flair of a preacher, who has risen to national prominence arguing that too many students get arrested or kicked out of school for minor trouble. “Zero tolerance is zero intelligen ...

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Journal or PublicationThe Washington Post

Large numbers of youth involved with the juvenile justice system have significant mental health and substance abuse issues. Many of these youth could be better served in community settings, and juvenile court judges can lead or support community efforts ...

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OrganizationNational Center for State Courts

The article provides background, overview of juvenile adjudication system, legislative history of ACCA.

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Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change

A survey of law and policy in Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina and Florida.

Resource Type
OrganizationUNC Center for Civil Rights

News article briefly explaining the new expungement law that took effect Jan. 1 2015 in MN.

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Resource Type
OrganizationCouncil on Crime and Justice

Excerpt: Several high-profile incidents of violence at U.S. schools have, understandably, raised concerns about the safety of students while at school. Just one incident of violence causes significant harm. In light of this, it is important to examine ...

Keywords
Resource Type
OrganizationU.S. Department of Justice; Office of Justice Programs;...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Passed in the 2014 legislative session, Substitute House Bill 2739 (Chapter 196, Laws of 2014) directs that an analysis examine the effects of community factors such as economic well-being, safety and family challenges on academic and youth success. In c ...

Resource Type
OrganizationWashington State University

I am a reformist who happens to be a judge. I came to this realization when introduced as a "reformer" at a recent Houston gathering of politicians, judges, clergy and juvenile justice stakeholders. I was invited to share some insights into the collabo ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationJuvenile Justice Information Exchange
Overview of the Supportive School Discipline Initiative

In Summer 2011, Education Secretary Duncan and Attorney General Holder announced the launch of a collaborative project – the Supportive School Discipline Initiative (Initiative) – between the U.S. Departments of Education (ED) and Justice (DOJ) to support ...

Resource Type
OrganizationU.S. Department of Education
Partnering to Ensure School Safety

Violence in schools is an alarming reality today. Countless news stories have detailed the incidents, profiled the offenders, and dissected law enforcement’s response. Educators, law enforcement, and mental health professionals realize that a one‐size‐fit ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police
Journal or PublicationJuvenile Justice

Historically, most educators have recognized two primary aims of school discipline: (a) managing student behavior, relying primarily on the use of teacher‐centered techniques for preventing and correcting misbehavior and (b) developing self‐discipline, co ...

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Journal or PublicationCommunique

An overview of the consequences of Colorado’s direct filing policy (prosecuting children in adult criminal courts).

Resource Type
OrganizationColorado Juvenile Defender Center

Criminalizing kids for minor misbehavior in our schools unnecessarily exposes them to our justice system and increases the likelihood they will drop out of school and face later incarceration. Involvement of all stakeholders, including judicial leaders, i ...

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Journal or PublicationTrends in State Courts

Severe trauma in children causes toxic stress in kids, which can damage the brain and lead to the child being put in a flight, fight, or fright mode that is physiologically impossible to learn in. Being a trauma-informed school means shifting the discipli ...

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Severe trauma in children causes toxic stress in kids, which can damage the brain and lead to the child being put in a flight, fight, or fright mode that is physiologically impossible to learn in. Being a trauma-informed school means shifting the discipli ...

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Yesterday's first-of-its-kind federal guidance on school discipline included warnings to school district leaders that school resource officers are too frequently pulled into routine disciplinary matters, an action that can spark unnecessary interactions b ...

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Journal or PublicationEducation Week

A survey of almost 700 school resource officers includes sobering statistics about the high number of crimes and assaults prevented by school-based police officers. A high school principal who lived through a school shooting told Education World that such ...

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Journal or PublicationEducation World

Some policymakers have expressed renewed interest in school resource officers (SROs) as a result of the December 2012 mass shooting that occurred at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, CT. SROs are sworn law enforcement officers who are assigned to w ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationCongressional Research Service

As scrutiny of the relationship between law enforcement agencies and the communities they're charged with protecting continues – heightened following the deaths of Michael Brown, Eric Garner and Tamir Rice, among others, at the hands of police – some are ...

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Journal or PublicationU.S. News and World Report

With more attention being paid to the safety of young people while they are at school, many communities are considering strategies which are intended to make schools safer environments. Although statistics on school crime and violence convey that such cri ...

Resource Type
OrganizationCenter for the Prevention of School Violence

Excerpt: "The Center for Health and Health Care in Schools has a core focus on the important work of connecting schools to resources and organizations that can improve health outcomes of students. There are many different partners in our communities t ...

Resource Type
OrganizationThe Center for Health and Health Care Schools

Farmington, CT – Four Connecticut schools were selected as partners in the Connecticut School-Based Diversion Initiative (SBDI) for the 2013-2014 school year. SBDI is an interagency state and local partnership supported by the Connecticut Judicial Branch, ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationChild Health and Developmental Institute of Connecticut...

In 2008, the new Mental Health/Juvenile Justice Action Network selected “early diversion” as its first area of focus. Its goal was to create opportunities for youth with mental health needs to be diverted as early as possible from involvement with the juv ...

Resource Type
OrganizationModels for Change
Journal or PublicationInnovation Brief

The woman had dropped out of the weight-loss study. So had a frustratingly high number of other patients, most of whom seemed to be succeeding at losing weight before quitting. This confused Vincent J. Felitti, the doctor leading the 1980s study. So he ...

Resource Type
OrganizationChildren's Fund of Connecticut
Journal or PublicationThe Connecticut Mirror
Strategic Innovations Groups (SIGs)

A summary of the resource centers (CA, FL, IL, LA, MA, NJ, PA, WA) and their work.

Resource Type
OrganizationModels for Change

The Children’s Defense Fund’s report, Suspensions: Are They Helping Children? first brought the issue of racial disparities in discipline to national attention. African American over-representation in out-of-school suspensions has increased steadily from ...

Resource Type
OrganizationThe Equity Project

Infographic on truancy.

Resource Type
OrganizationThe Status Offense Reform Center
Targeted Violence in Schools: Understanding Mental Health and Managing the Risks

Over the last several years, various communities have suffered incidents of targeted violence in schools and colleges. Communities such as Newtown, Connecticut; Santa Barbara, California; Columbine, Colorado; Paducah, Kentucky; Blacksburg, Virginia (Virgi ...

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Journal or PublicationThe Police Chief

Article describing the collateral consequences to education, public housing and employment for adjudicated youth.

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Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change
The court’s role in Dismantling the school-to-Prison Pipeline

The juvenile justice system in America is a paradox when it comes to promoting the welfare of our nation’s young people. We have come a long way from old English common law which treated children as adults under the "vicious will” doctrine,1 to creating j ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationJuvenile and Family Justice Today

Ironically, zero tolerance policies once promoted as a solution to youth violence have created a school to prison pipeline. Widespread discipline practices of suspension, expulsion, and arrest for school behavior problems are turning kids in conflict int ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationReclaiming Children and Youth
The Impact of School Resource Officers on Community-Based Policing

Effective school resource officer (SRO) programs recognize and utilize the special training and expertise law enforcement officers possess that is well suited to effectively protect and serve the school community. SROs contribute to the school safety t ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationThe Police Chief

Article asserts that there are ethical and logistical questions unique to the juvenile justice process that would pose difficulties in conveying this information to juveniles.

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Journal or PublicationNevada Law Journal

Exert: The Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing points out how the mission of law enforcement is “to build trust between citizens and their peace officers so that all components of a community are treating one another fai ...

Resource Type
OrganizationCOPS

Millions of U.S. public school students in grades K‒12 are suspended or expelled in an academic school year, particularly students in middle and high school.2 Research demonstrates that when students are removed from the classroom as a disciplinary measur ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationJustice Center The Council of State Governments

Summary of studies that demonstrate that the best public safety outcomes coincide with the least restrictive interventions for youth, rather than more traditional approaches.

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Juvenile Justice Network

Article highlights failures on truancy-prevention programs and advocates for youth’s right to a quality education.

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Journal or PublicationDuke Forum for Law & Social Change

The story is very sad and way too familiar. Ryan, a third­grader who lives in a San Francisco housing project, watched his father beat up his mother one night, something he’d witnessed since infancy. His dad was arrested, his mom was taken off in an am ...

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OrganizationUCSF

Results of a study in which juveniles who were transferred to criminal court were interviewed. Some key findings include a general unawareness of transfer laws and negative consequences derived from incarceration in adult facilities.

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Journal or PublicationJuvenile and Family Court Journal

Discipline Disparities: A Research-to-Practice Collaborative Recent national tragedies—the deaths of Trayvon Martin, Eric Garner, Michael Brown, and Tamir Rice keep issues of race at the forefront of our national consciousness. As much as we try to lo ...

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 National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)

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